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Single Stocks or ETFs: Which investments are good for beginners? 

Single Stocks or ETFs: Which investments are good for beginners? 

In this podcast, Finanzdiva talks to Tobias and Christian from Echtgeld.tv in Berlin about ETFs. Admittedly, funds managed by a computer are not particularly exciting. But here lies the key to market success: A boring portfolio makes you rich! Have a listen to find out everything you need to know about this dreary but lucrative world.

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Finanzdiva x Mind the Gap: Closing the Gender Wealth Gap Together

We’re thrilled to be partnering with finance maven, Finanzdiva, on a selection of articles and events, including our forthcoming day of workshops and talks – The Bridge Women & Wealth Summit. Listen to Kat€ tell you all about it in her own words, check out our English-language content collaboration, and get your ticket for The Bridge now!

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Discover the World of Ethical Investing

We all want our investments to be sustainable and protect human rights, but it’s not always easy to tick every ethical and environmental box. Finanzdiva shares her top six things to consider when making ethical investments.

  1. Cost: Active management costs money, because eco-funds require checks by external consultants and ethics committees.
  2. Risk: Managed environmental funds often invest in smaller small cap companies, whose credentials are easier to review. But smaller companies run a higher risk of insolvency, and small-cap stock prices fluctuate more strongly compared to large internationals. Plus, their tradability and liquidity are lower.
  3. Seal of Approval: Self-proclaimed ethics committees include Triodos Bank and external auditors. The FNG Siegel is regulated by the Forum für nachhaltige Geldanlage (Sustainable Investment Forum).
  4. Diversification: A portfolio of purely environmental investments is not sufficiently widespread.
  5. Renewable energy: renewables are considered top candidates in the sustainable area, however, wind energy production is not particularly animal-friendly. The solar industry provides peace of mind for investors, but often disappoints with low returns. Investment risk in the energy sector is high.
  6. Marketing: Beware of greenwashing; the “eco-product” label is often used as a marketing method.

Kat€’s top tips:

  • Before you invest in sustainable products, consider the returns.
  • Compare the cost of the products offered (including order fees, sales charge, etc.).
  • Seals like FNG indicate a sustainable product – then you don’t have to check yourself for ethical criteria.
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Investment Income Tax in Germany: A Fairytale by Finanzdiva

 

Our friend and favourite finance maven, Finanzdiva, comes with hot tips and tricks to help you save money, time and nerves on investment income taxes.

Once upon a time, not so long ago—well, around 2008 to 9—there was a tax reform for capital investments. We were told things would get simpler. But it turned out that “simple” translated to 25 percent withholding tax. And since January 2018, there’s been yet another reform.

So what does it all mean? 

There goes your nest egg.

Though the 2018 reform was supposed to simplify things further, it’s no more than a tax increase at the expense of the middle class. And with ballooning bureaucratic and financial overheads for retirement savings, it’s making funds and ETFs less and less attractive.

The changes: What you need to know.

Until now, a distinction has been made between tax-efficient (i.e. distributing) and tax-compliant (i.e accumulating) ETFs and funds. From 2018, the withholding tax still applies to distributed earnings.

BUT if the fund or ETF does not distribute income, there is now an additional fee to pay in advance. This levy was created take into account the ongoing value gains of investments.

  1. Distributing ETFs = Simple Taxes!

If your distributing ETF was launched in Germany, you don’t have to do anything: Dividend income tax will still be paid via withholding tax.

  1. Accumulating ETFs = Complicated!

If you hold accumulating ETFs – in other words if the proceeds are reinvested – your tax situation is more complicated.

What remains the same:

The withholding tax on capital gains and the tax-free allowance of € 801 per person and €1,602 for married couples continue to apply. Don’t forget to apply for exemption!

NEW in 2018 for accumulating ETFs:

The state wants a bigger slice. There’s now double taxation of funds and investments. Previously, only the accumulating income was taxed. Now, in addition to current income, capital gains are also subject to tax. So you’ll pay withholding tax on the income and an upfront fee based on the value of the fund or ETF.

What you need to know about your current “old” fund shares:

  1. Did you buy your fund shares before 1.1.2009? Lucky you!

Then all profits made until 31.12.2017 are tax-exempt. (In German, this falls under what’s called “Alt-Anteile mit Bestandsschutz”, or old shares with provision safeguard former standards).

The main winners are wealthy people who were able to save their assets in so-called “millionaire funds”.

  1. Did you buy your fund shares between 2009 and 2017? Heads up!

Profits generated through 31.12.2017 are now liable to tax. Taxation does not take place until sale, however, under the new law (known as Alt-Anteile ohne Bestandsschutz”) you have to pay tax on any profits from 2018.

 

Finanzdiva’s top tips:

From 2018, there’s a tax-free allowance of 100,000 per person. (Unfortunately, it’s not valid for old stocks.)

To make things easier taxwise, opt for a fully distributed ETF or mutual fund—then you avoid the advance payment.

And last but not least: Stay away from open-ended real estate funds. There’s tax traps lurking there, too. Also, steer clear of synthetic products—which contain their own securities that are hard to understand and can quickly unravel. It’s much better to make pure index investments such as an ETF on the DAX.

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For personalised advice and management of tax-efficient, low-cost and highly diversified ETFs, head to FinMarie, an innovative new finance platform created by women, for women.